Auditory Processing

Auditory Processing Problems

Types:

  1. Auditory discrimination
  2. Auditory memory
  3. Auditory perception
  4. Auditory vocal association
  5. Auditory synthesis
  6. Auditory vocal automaticity
  7. Auditory figure-ground
  8. Reading skills (phonemic awareness, segmenting, phoneme manipulation, code knowledge)

Impact:

  1. The auditory modality is of primary importance in school, counseling session and daily communication. We are constantly taking in and processing incoming information that we must organize, understand and then respond to.
  2. You can’t separate auditory functioning from other aspects of our senses and our development. Auditory processing includes motor learning, visual perception, tactile and emotional capacity, etc.
  3. As young people become adolescents in treatment and move to higher grades in school, greater emphasis is placed on the auditory mode of instruction and communication. Students must have sustained listening skills for a variety of stimuli.
  4. Reading depends not only on quality of vision but also on auditory capacity. Reading initially is the process of superimposing a print symbol on to an auditory signal, the essence of phonics.
  5. Even though a child has a normal audiology test (the brain hears the sound), the information may not be organized, coded or stored in the normal way.
  6. The child can’t distinguish between sounds—because he cannot process multiple sounds at once and fast enough. The processing function is compromised.
  7. To compensate children tend to ignore the sound altogether, require repeated input of the same information, appear hyperactive, overstimulated, or reactive.

Remediations and Interventions:

  1. Whisperphone
  2. Printed text/directions
  3. Outline
  4. Speak using straightforward sentence structure; use simple language
  5. Write all assignments on the board
  6. Give preferential seating
  7. Use overheads, filmstrips and videos
  8. Use more gestures and facial expressions
  9. Preteach
  10. Encourage question asking
  11. Allow clients/students to move around, or move to a quiet area to work
  12. Encourage participation in discussions, oral reading, etc.
  13. Rephrase instructions
  14. Use hands on learning techniques; allow students to demonstrate mastery
  15. Allow for longer wait time before asking for an answer
  16. Speech and language services
  17. Commercially prepared programs
  18. Listening Program